Threat Level: green Handler on Duty: Brad Duncan

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DDE and oledump

I was asked if the DDE YARA rules I created work with on the sample that Xavier wrote about in his diary entry "Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) is Back in the Wild?".

These rules can be used with YARA directly:

And you can use YARA's option -s to view the string. It will contain the DDE command:

But these rule do not work with (I designed them to work with YARA): supports YARA rules through option -y: when you use that option, the provided YARA rules are applied to each individual stream in the ole file (not the complete ole file, like YARA itself does).

But the rules for ole files that I created, contain a test to check if the file is an ole file: uint32be(0) == 0xD0CF11E0

If you suppress this test, you can use these rules with oledump:

In stead of suppressing this test, I created 2 new rules without this test:

rule Office_OLE_DDEAUTO_sa {
    $a = /\x13\s*DDEAUTO\b[^\x14]+/ nocase

rule Office_OLE_DDE_sa {
    $a = /\x13\s*DDE\b[^\x14]+/ nocase

And now one of these new rules triggers on the WordDocument stream:

You can use option --yarastrings to display the matched strings:

And I also made a video:


Didier Stevens
Senior handler
Microsoft MVP


649 Posts
ISC Handler
Feb 21st 2021

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