IcedID (Bokbot) with Dark VNC and Cobalt Strike

Published: 2022-07-27
Last Updated: 2022-07-27 03:15:24 UTC
by Brad Duncan (Version: 1)
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Introduction

As early as April 2022, a long-running threat actor known as TA551 (designated by Proofpoint), Monster Libra (designated by Palo Alto Networks), or Shathak (??) started distributing SVCReady malware.  Since then, we've sometimes seen this same threat actor also push IcedID (Bokbot) malware.

On Tuesday 2022-07-26 during a recent wave of SVCReady malware from Monster Libra/TA551 targeting Italy, @k3dg3 tweeted indicators of IcedID malware from the same threat actor.

Today's diary reviews an IcedD infection generated from a password-protected zip archive sent by Monster Libra/TA551.  This IcedID infection led to Dark VNC activity and Cobalt Strike malware.


Shown above:  Flow chart for IcedID infection on Tuesday 2022-07-26.

Images From the Infection


Shown above:  Password-protected zip archive found through VirusTotal contains ISO file with shortcut to run command script.


Shown above:  Windows shortcut runs .js file, which then runs a DLL to install IcedID malware.


Shown above:  Scheduled task after IcedID is persistent on the infected Windows host.


Shown above:  Persistent IcedID malware DLL and license.dat binary needed to run the DLL.


Shown above:  Traffic from the infection filtered in Wireshark.


Shown above:  HTTP traffic generated by the IcedID installer returned a gzip binary.



Shown above:  HTTPS C2 traffic for IcedID uses self-signed certificates as shown here in Wireshark.


Shown above:  Encoded/encrypted traffic generated by DarkVNC malware appears after the IcedID infection.


Shown above:  Infected Windows host retrieves DLL for Cobalt Strike.


Shown above:  Cobalt Strike HTTPS C2 traffic uses a legitimate certificate from Sectigo.


Indicators of Compromise (IOCs)


SHA256 hash: 4b86c52424564e720a809dca94f5540fcddac10cb57618b44d693e49fd38c0a5

  • File size: 420,425 bytes
  • File description: password-protected zip archive containing malicious ISO image
  • Password: doc2546
     

SHA256 hash: d9a7ce532ee39918815f9dd03d0b4961ef85dddfd2498759b868e9ed8858a532

  • File size: 1,267,712 bytes
  • File name: figures.iso
  • File description: malicious ISO image containing files for IcedID infection
     

SHA256 hash: 4661a789c199544197a7d3ccfedb51ec95393641fb44875c92cf6c2c4a40fc1d

  • File size: 1,205 bytes
  • File name: statistics.lnk
  • File description: Windows shortcut to run IcedID installer. Only immediately visible file within the ISO image.
     

SHA256 hash: eef2684a47bbadf954f3bc06b3611989447f1b5cfd47cdeacb38321987b3565c

  • File size: 30 bytes
  • File location in ISO image: me\EDGwfAE.cmd
  • File description: run by above shortcut, this command script runs the below JS file
     

SHA256 hash: df66d308065919c5d45f6c9b718b1a7c58f9e461488bbef850c924728f053b14

  • File size: 263 bytes
  • File location in ISO image: me\PGJqfV.js
  • File description: run by the above command script, this JS file runs the below IcedID installer DLL
     

SHA256 hash: f53321d9a70050759f1d3d21e4748f6e9432bf2bc476f294e6345f67e6c56c3e

  • File size: 217,600 bytes
  • File location in ISO image: me\t1OvWm.dat
  • File description: run by the above JS file, this 64-bit DLL installs IcedID
  • Run method: rundll32.exe [filename],#1
     

SHA256 hash: a15ae5482b31140220bb75ce2e6c53aaafe3dc702784a0d235a77668e3b0a69a

  • File size: 217,600 bytes
  • File location in ISO image: one\jGv5XFIe.dat
  • File description: another 64-bit DLL to install IcedID, not used for this infection
  • Run method: rundll32.exe [filename],#1


SHA256 hash: ee0379ef06a74b3c810b4f757097cd0534ec5c4ebf0d92875b07421fe1a5dd55

  • File size: 537,531 bytes
  • File location: hxxp://tritehairs[.]com/
  • File description: gzip binary from tritehairs[.]com used to create persistent IcedID 64-bit DLL and license.dat


SHA256 hash: e512027d42d829fad95d14aa4c48f3ce30089e5c200681a2bded67068b8973f4

  • File size: 194,560 bytes
  • File location: C:\Users\[username]\AppData\Local\{A42A69E9-9159-9F0A-BB24-F9DAA57621A1}\Olfann64.dll
  • File description: persistent IcedID 64-bit DLL
  • Run method: rundll32.exe [filename],#1 --ixte="[path to license.dat]"


SHA256 hash: 1de8b101cf9f0fabc9f086bddb662c89d92c903c5db107910b3898537d4aa8e7

  • File size: 342,218 bytes
  • File location: C:\Users\[username]\AppData\Roaming\FlightQuarter\license.dat
  • File description: data binary used to run the persistent IcedID DLL
     

SHA256 hash: a7a0025d77b576bcdaf8b05df362e53a748b64b51dd5ec5d20cf289a38e38d56

  • File size: 1,018,368 bytes
  • File location: hxxp://lufuyadehi[.]com/svchost.dll
  • File location: C:\Users\[username]\AppData\Local\Temp\Yuicku32.dll
  • File description: 64-bit DLL for Cobalt Strike
  • Run method: regsvr32.exe [filename]
     

Traffic from an infected Windows host:

Traffic for gzip binary:

  • 159.203.45[.]144:80 - tritehairs[.]com - GET /
     

IcedID HTTPS C2 traffic:

  • 46.21.153[.]211:443 - peranistaer[.]top - HTTPS traffic
  • 46.21.153[.]211:443 - wiandukachelly[.]com - HTTPS traffic
  • 178.33.187[.]139:443 - alohasockstaina[.]com - HTTPS traffic
  • 178.33.187[.]139:443 - gruvihabralo[.]nl - HTTPS traffic
     

DarkVNC traffic:

  • 135.181.175[.]108:8080 - Encoded/encrypted traffic
     

Cobalt Strike traffic:

  • 108.177.235[.]8:80 - lufuyadehi[.]com - GET /svchost.dll
  • 108.62.118[.]133:443 - zuyonijobo[.]com - HTTPS traffic
     

Final Words

A packet capture (pcap) of the infection traffic, along with the associated malware and artifacts can be found here.

Brad Duncan
brad [at] malware-traffic-analysis.net

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