TShark & Multiple IP Addresses

Published: 2022-02-28
Last Updated: 2022-02-28 13:35:18 UTC
by Didier Stevens (Version: 1)
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In diary entry "TShark & jq", I mention that a single packet can have more than one ip.src entry.

I will illustrate this here. We are looking at a capture of network traffic where TCP SYN packets can not be delivered: "Destination unreachable".

Here is the view with TShark:

Notice TCP packets going from 192.168.10.10 to 192.168.10.1, and ICMP packets going from 192.168.10.1 to 192.168.10.10.

If we run a TShark command to extract all ip.src values, we get this:

For ICMP packets, we have 2 IPv4 addresses for the ip.src field: 192.168.10.1 and 192.168.10.10.

This is happening, because the ICMP packet embeds the IP packet to which it is replying. You can see this here in Wireshark:

The ICMP packet, encapsulated in an IP packet, has ip.src value of 192.168.10.1.

But it also embeds the IP packet (with TCP) to which it is replying. That one has a src.ip value equal to 192.168.10.10.

These are different fields, but both are accessed via ip.src and yield different values.

 

Didier Stevens
Senior handler
Microsoft MVP
blog.DidierStevens.com

Keywords: tshark
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