Easy Python Sandbox Detection

Published: 2022-09-26
Last Updated: 2022-09-26 07:44:33 UTC
by Xavier Mertens (Version: 1)
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Many malicious Python scripts implement a sandbox detection mechanism, I already wrote diaries about this[1], but it requires some extra code in the script. Because we are lazy (attackers too), why not try to automate this and easily detect the presence of such a security mechanism?

I spotted an interesting script (VT score 3/60) that uses a Python library I met for the first time: "sandboxed". It has a method to detect the presence of a sandbox easily:

from sandboxed import is_sandboxed
import sys
certainty = is_sandboxed(logging=False)
if int(certainty)>0.5:
    sys.exit()
import zlib,base64,ssl,socket,struct,time
[...]

The library project repository[2] explains the checks performed:

  • Machine specifications
  • File systems
  • Internet access

For sure, it's not bulletproof, but it could probably spot a lot of sandboxes! Note that this module focuses on Windows sandboxes, I had a look at the code, and there are only references to Windows artifacts:

_FILES = [
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\VBoxMouse.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\VBoxGuest.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\VBoxSF.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\VBoxVideo.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxdisp.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxhook.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxmrxnp.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxogl.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglarrayspu.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglcrutil.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglerrorspu.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglfeedbackspu.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglpackspu.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxoglpassthroughspu.dll",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxservice.exe",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\vboxtray.exe",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\VBoxControl.exe",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmmouse.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmhgfs.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmusbmouse.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmkdb.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmrawdsk.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmmemctl.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vm3dmp.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmci.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmsci.sys",
        r"C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\vmx_svga.sys"

 ]
 _PROCESSES = [
        "vboxservices.exe",
        "vboxservice.exe",
        "vboxtray.exe",
        "xenservice.exe",
        "VMSrvc.exe",
        "vemusrvc.exe",
        "VMUSrvc.exe",
        "qemu-ga.exe",
        "prl_cc.exe",
        "prl_tools.exe",
        "vmtoolsd.exe",
        "df5serv.exe",
]

[1] https://isc.sans.edu/forums/diary/Sandbox+Evasion+Using+NTP/26534
[2] https://github.com/frederikme/sandboxed

Xavier Mertens (@xme)
Xameco
Senior ISC Handler - Freelance Cyber Security Consultant
PGP Key

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ISC Stormcast For Monday, September 26th, 2022 https://isc.sans.edu/podcastdetail.html?id=8188

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