Threat Level: green Handler on Duty: Johannes Ullrich

SANS ISC: InfoSec Handlers Diary Blog - Internet Storm Center Diary 2018-03-02 InfoSec Handlers Diary Blog


Sign Up for Free!   Forgot Password?
Log In or Sign Up for Free!

Common Patterns Used in Phishing Campaigns Files

Published: 2018-03-02
Last Updated: 2018-03-02 09:31:00 UTC
by Xavier Mertens (Version: 1)
1 comment(s)

Phishing campaigns remain a common way to infect computers. Every day, I'm receiving plenty of malicious documents pretending to be sent from banks, suppliers, major Internet actors, etc. All those emails and their payloads are indexed and this morning I decided to have a quick look at them just by the name of the malicious files. Basically, there are two approaches used by attackers:

  • They randomize the file names by adding a trailing random string (ex: aaf_438445.pdf) or the complete filename.
  • They make the filename “juicy” to entice the user to open it by using common words.

This is the second approach that looks interesting. I extracted all the IOC of type ‘filename’ from my MISP[1]. The raw export contained 4692 filenames (4247 unique). I also exported all payloads from my archive (574.879 unique files). I extracted interesting strings based on:

  • words
  • common brands
  • abbreviations

Warning: This list is provided "as is" and is not intended to be used to quality files as malicious or not (it will generate too many false positives).

abuse
account
acompte
advice
agreement
airline
alert
archive
bill
bitcoin
booking
brochure
budget
caller
cancellation
card
caution
certificate
changes
christmas
client
company
complaint
confirmation
contact
contract
controls
copy
credit
cv
date
debit
debt
decrypter
delivery
details
dll
diplomatic
directory
document
download
draft-msg
dropbox
dscf
ebay
ecard
egift
efax
email
energy
engineer
employee
eps
epson
eula
extract
express
exported
facebook
facture
fax
file
finance
financial
flash
flight
free
gdpr
gift-card
google-drive
googleupdate
help
history
hp
holidays-gift-card
hotel
human-resource
img
important
inf
information
install
Instruction
invite
invoice
insurance
javaupdate
label
lettre
letter
license
log
login-required
logmanager
mail
malware
message
microsoft-hotfix
microsoft-upgrade
money
msg
myresume
mote
officeupdate
order
overdue
package
parcel
password
payslip
photo
pic
pid
picture
pdf
po
proposal
purchase
poster
powerpoint
privacy
private
project
quotation
quote
ransom
readme
receipt
remittance
report
resume
restore
sale
salary
safe
scan
screenshot
security
secure
selfie
service
settings
setup
sheet
shipping
skype
specialoffer
ssh
ssl
staff
statement
statistics
strike
support
swift
tax
task
tracking
trade
trademark
transaction
transfer
travel
unpaid
untitled
upcoming
update
urgent
us
user
vcd
video
visa
voice
vpn
vmware
webmail
wifi
windows
youtube

[1] https://www.misp-project.org/

Xavier Mertens (@xme)
ISC Handler - Freelance Security Consultant
PGP Key

Keywords: phishing spam
1 comment(s)
Diary Archives