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More on Protocol 47 denys

Published: 2016-12-29
Last Updated: 2016-12-30 19:20:33 UTC
by Rick Wanner (Version: 2)
2 comment(s)

Following up on yesterday's diary on an increase in Protocol 47 traffic.   Thanks to everyone who sent the ISC PCAPs and more information.

Current speculation is the Protocol 47 uptick is backscatter from a DDOS containing GRE traffic and using random source IPs.  

While all of the packets appear to be IPv4 packets encapsulated in GRE, there are two flavors of packets involved.  The smaller packets are consistently 66 bytes long and contain no data.

The larger packets vary in size, but are typically in the high 500's of bytes and contain 512 bytes of data.  The data appears to be random.

While the sources show IPs from over 50 countries, about 55% of the source IPs in my data were from Taiwan, presumably these IPs are the primary attack targets.  

Top 10 Sources by Country

Country %
Taiwan 55.10%
United States 9.17%
Brazil 4.85%
Israel 3.22%
Romania 2.66%
Mexico 2.57%
Bulgaria 2.33%
Spain 2.19%
Uruguay 2.01%
China 1.89%

The majority of those were from IPs associated with Chungwa Telecom (HINET-NET), the largest ISP/Carrier in Taiwan.

Top 20 Sources by IP

source_address Country  
61.216.174.203 Taiwan HINET-NET
220.128.119.155 Taiwan HINET-NET
118.150.129.110 Taiwan CHIEF-AS-AP
108.34.140.241 USA VIS-BLOCK
122.116.118.57 Taiwan HINET-NET
77.238.70.76 Bulgaria FIBER1BG
59.125.241.196 Taiwan HINET-NET
79.121.32.210 Hungary VIDANET-AS
59.126.160.210 Taiwan HINET-NET
114.34.6.239 Taiwan HINET-NET
143.208.145.62 Brazil Duarte & Dias Eletroeletronicos Ltda ME
1.34.143.67 Taiwan HINET-NET
125.227.61.121 Taiwan HINET-NET
191.243.115.113 Brazil Nettel Telecomunicações Ltda
182.155.224.35 Taiwan VEETIME-TW-AP
91.213.187.157 Ukraine BIOSCOMP-AS
175.182.238.168 Taiwan SEEDNET
61.63.178.186 Taiwan SAVECOM-TW 
95.42.116.59 Bulgaria BTC-AS BULGARIA
24.249.56.149 USA ASN-CXA-ALL-CCI-22773-RDC
 
 
However I can find no indication of an ongoing DDOS against Taiwan or Chungwa Telecom. 
 
So while we have gotten further into the mystery, we still don't have the whole picture.  Anybody have any ideas, or further information?  If so, please contact us.
 
UPDATE 1919 UTC: Someone pointed out that there has been another, if smaller uptick against other protocols as well.  My data shows that Protocols 132 and 255 are showing some traffic as well.

-- Rick Wanner MSISE - rwanner at isc dot sans dot edu - http://namedeplume.blogspot.com/ - Twitter:namedeplume (Protected)

Keywords: DDOS GRE
2 comment(s)

Increase in Protocol 47 denys

Published: 2016-12-29
Last Updated: 2016-12-29 19:39:08 UTC
by Rick Wanner (Version: 1)
11 comment(s)

ISC reader Scott has indicated that starting on December 27th he has seen a significant increase in Protocol 47 traffic being denied by his firewalls.  He has seen this traffic increasing from a baseline of near zero to 20,000 to 50,000 denies per day.  Protocol 47 traffic is not normally tracked by the ISC, so none of our sensors had detected this uptick.  However a little investigation reveals that firewalls I have access to are also seeing this increase. 

Protocol 47 is “GRE” (Generic Route Encapsulation) . It is commonly used as a Virtual Private Network (VPN). Essentially, GRE can be used to encapsulate any other protocol over IPv4. Sometimes it is used for IPv6 tunneling (instead of the more common IPv6 over IPv4, Protocol 41), and some anti-DDoS mitigation systems use it to route “cleaned” traffic.

I am showing this traffic originating from more than 100 unique sources.  I would like to dig deeper into this, but unfortunately I don't have access to packet captures to take a closer look at the traffic.  If you could let us know whether you are seeing the same thing, or better yet, have access to captures of this traffic, and could share it with us, it would be appreciated.

-- Rick Wanner MSISE - rwanner at isc dot sans dot edu - http://namedeplume.blogspot.com/ - Twitter:namedeplume (Protected)

Keywords: GRE
11 comment(s)
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