Last Updated: 2011-09-15 13:56:55 UTC
by Johannes Ullrich (Version: 1)
I had an interesting detect in one of my kippo honeypots last week. Kippo, if you are not familiar with, is a script simulating an ssh server. It is typically configured to allow root logins with weak passwords and can be the source of never ending entertainment as you see confused script kiddies. The honeypot logs key strokes and is able to replay them in "real time".
In this particular case, the attacker logged in, and issues the following commands:
kippo:~# w 06:37:29 up 14 days, 3:53, 1 user, load average: 0.08, 0.02, 0.01 USER TTY FROM LOGIN@ IDLE JCPU PCPU WHAT root pts/0 188.8.131.52 06:37 0.00s 0.00s 0.00s w kippo:~# ps x PID TTY TIME CMD 5673 pts/0 00:00:00 bash 5677 pts/0 00:00:00 ps x kippo:~# kill -9 -1 kippo:~#
Last Updated: 2011-09-15 11:22:49 UTC
by Swa Frantzen (Version: 1)
Next to being a provider of SSL certificates (which most browsers now distrust), DigiNotar also issued so-called "qualified" certificates. These are used to create digital signatures and they are much stricter regulated that the run of the mill SSL and EVSSL certificates we all know from web servers and the like.
OPTA, the Dutch independent post and telecommunication authority - think of them as the regulator- , has terminated [in Dutch] the accreditation of DigiNotar as a certificate provider on Sept 14th, 2011. This pertains to their qualified certificates.
It's probably best to give a very short introduction on what qualified certificates, accredited providers are and why this is so important.
OPTA reports a timeline that's been mostly public knowledge except for their own actions and the interaction with DigiNotar and their auditors. The report concludes that DigiNotar was not only not acting in accordance to ETSI TS 101 456 on quite a few points, but also breaking the relevant local laws.
OPTA also names PriceWaterhouseCoopers as the (regular) auditors of DigiNotar, but does not go as far as to name them the ones that gave them the apparent clean bill of health on July 27th, 2011: "A number of servers were compromised. The hackers have obtained administrative rights to the outside webservers, the CA server “Relaties-CA” and also to “Public-CA”. Traces of hacker activity started on June 17th and ended on July 22nd". Which was later dramatically proven to be untrue.
OPTA reports there are about 4200 qualified (signing) certificates issued by DigiNotar. These will now have to be contacted by DigiNotar under supervision of OPTA. These certificate holders will have to seek another provider if they have not done so already.
The revocation as an accredited provider, also means that DigiNotar doesn't meet the requirements for their PKIOverheid activities anymore.
Swa Frantzen -- Section 66